Child Passenger Safety
The child restraint system should meet FMVSS 213. Standard child restraint devices may be used for many children with special health care needs, and, whenever possible, a standard child restraint is the preferable choice. Use of a "special" child restraint system for a child with health care needs often may be postponed until a child exceeds the physical limitations of a car safety seat.
- Premature and small infants should not be placed in car safety seats with a harness-tray/shield combination or an armrest that could directly contact the infant's neck or face during an impact.
- Car safety seats with five-point harnesses anchored at both shoulders, both hips, and between the legs, can be adjusted to provide good upper torso support for many children with special needs.
- When possible, an adult should ride in the back seat next to your children to watch him/her closely.
- Any child with a medical problem should have a special care plan that includes what to do during transport if a medical emergency occurs.
Children who have disabilities who are minimally mobile but who are perceived as immobile by a caregiver might be at increased risk for falling from a bed or other elevated surface. The child might be left unattended and might roll or creep to the edge.
Falls are the most commonly reported injury among wheelchair users. Tips and falls account for 42% of incidents, making falls the leading cause of rider injury.
Fire Safety For Children with Hearing Impairments
The Malaysian Paediatric Association encourages the hearing impaired population and their caregivers to practice the following precautionary steps:
- For children in wheelchairs, an accessible exit is critical. The fire department should be notified of the presence of a child who has a disability in the home.
- Contact your local fire department for information about obtaining a flashing or vibrating smoke alarm.
- Install a flashing or vibrating smoke alarm on every level of your home. Test all smoke alarms months and change batteries at least once a year.
- Make sure a TTY/TDD or phone (if used) is next to your bed, within arms reach. Keep emergency telephone numbers and hearing aids (if necessary) handy as well.
- Be sure to inform family members, the building manager, or a neighbor of you fire safety plan and practice it with them. Contact your local fire department on a non-emergency telephone (use appropriate TTY devices if necessary) and explain your special needs.
- Ask emergency providers to keep your special needs information on file.
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